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    WHO launches improved oral rehydration pack

    Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS), a lifesaver for millions of children suffering from diarrhoea, has been re-launched in India

    Inspired by the success of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) introduced 30 years ago, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has launched an improved and cheaper ORS pack that will help those suffering from diarrhoea recover faster.

    The new solution, which has less glucose and sodium, not only works faster but is also 17% cheaper than the earlier product. Trials show that children treated with the new ORS recover faster.

    “The difference between the previous ORS and the new ORS is that this has less osmolarity than the previous one. The previous one had 311 mili osmos per litre, whereas this one has 245 mili osmos. Research by the WHO has found that this is more effective than the previous one. And this one is less expensive than the previous one,” says Union health minister Anbumani Ramadoss.

    Dr Dilip Mahalanabis and Dr Nathaniel F Pierce, both pioneers of the ORS who have been working on the improved version, were present at the launch of the new ORS. They claim the improved version isn’t very different from the older one. “In layman’s language, it is a little dilute and aids in the absorption of more water and salts. In scientific language, it is more about reduced osmolarity,” explains Mahalanabis.

    Studies conducted in India and abroad have shown that the new pack reduces fluid loss in the body and requires less intravenous therapy. Authorities have already placed orders for the new ORS packs to be made available at 145,000 health sub-centres and community centres across the country.

    World Health Organisation reports reveal that, over the years, ORS has been instrumental in reducing deaths of children under the age of five from 4.5 million in 1980 to about 1.5 million in 2004, globally.

    Source: www.who.org, June 2, 2004

    Indo-Asian News Service, June 2, 2004

    www.indianexpress.com, June 1, 2004



  • The Competitiveness Institute

    Maternal mortality reduction becomes national priority

    In rural India, one woman dies every five minutes giving birth to a child. More than 100,000 women die every year due to childbirth-related causes

    When 26-year-old Shanta went to the local health centre for a regular pre-natal check-up, no one noticed the puffiness in her face and arms. Later, she developed serious complications and by the time she was taken to the nearest hospital, it was too late. She died giving birth to twins; they died 15 days later.

    Shanta had been suffering from high blood pressure, a life-threatening condition during pregnancy.

    Shanta’s story is all too typical among women in rural India where mothers-to-be face huge risks during pregnancy. One woman dies every five minutes giving birth to a child; more than 100,000 women die every year due to childbirth-related causes.

    Unicef has been working with the Government of India, health partners and donors to address this situation. The Women’s Right for Life and Health project aims to ensure that women and their children, especially among the poorest communities, receive adequate healthcare. The project works to provide early detection of health risks and immediate treatment of pregnancy-related complications by competent and qualified personnel.

    In the last four years, the project has seen significant results in Rajasthan and Maharashtra, where the number of births taking place in medical facilities has risen from 18% to 30%. The percentage of deliveries assisted by skilled attendants has increased by more than 30% in the district of Baran in Rajasthan.

    Projects like these have succeeded in claiming the attention of top decision-makers in India. The issue of maternal mortality reduction has become a national priority, a commitment that is reflected in the government’s national population policy and national health policy. Sustained advocacy and aggressive fundraising are now more important than ever.

    Source: www.unicef.org, May 26, 2004



  • A new Web site entitled “United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations 2001
    Prepared by the Department of Public Information in all six United Nations official languages, the Dialogue among Civilizations site encourages and facilitates worldwide dialogue through interactive, intellectually stimulating pages, and connectivity with others who are simultaneously visiting the site. Also containing information and news regarding the Year, the site features examples of human courage, “unsung heroes of dialogue”, those who have reached across the "divide" to the "other" and who have been able to see through the alleged diversity of their neighbours and keep alive the flame of humanity.
  • The Institute for International Development
    The Institute for International Development is a professional group providing services to international development agencies, governments and private clients. In addition to providing consulting services to others, the Institute for International Development Fund provides funding for development research
  • International Development Information Network
    It is an international cooperative effort to develop and coordinate research on the social sciences on a world wide basis. Compiles databases on development research projects, institutions and individuals. Currently lists some 9000 projects, 3900 institutions. Geographically the databases covers 21 European countries, Africa (collected by CORERIA) Asia (collected by ADIPA), Latin America (collected by CLASCO), Middle East & North Africa . Data available as printed volumes or database search.
  • The Institute of Social Studies
    The Institute of Social Studies (ISS) is an international post-graduate school of policy-oriented, social science teaching and research whose diverse activities include teaching, interdisciplinary research and advisory work in the field of development studies. Founded by the universities of the Netherlands in 1952, the Institute is one of the world's leading centres of higher education and research in this field
  • Nonprofit Sector Research Fund
    Maintains an extensive library of articles and papers about volunteerism, philanthropy and the nonprofit sector in general. The NSRF also commissions papers on these subjects, and you can click on the top right of their home page for their latest guidelines.
  • Institute of Studies in Industrial Development
    This Website has multiple objectives. One, to provide an overview of the personality, the evolution, research thrust, main projects on hand and other research and educational activities of the ISID. Two, to provide access to On-Line Index of research articles and other contributions published in 59 Indian Social Science Journals since inception and Press Clipping Index to articles, editorials and news items in 14 prominent Indian English language newspapers. Three, to dissiminate Working Papers and other research output of the Institute. And Four, to establish a ‘Discussion Forum’ at the ISID Website to facilitate interaction and debate on various developmental issues of current and theoretical importance.
  • Use of information as a Tool of Change
    The Institute believes that information is a powerful tool of social change. Human behavior shifts either in response to new information or new experiences. The Institute seeks to provide the information to bring about the changes needed to build an environmentally sustainable economy
  • Network Startup Resource Center
    The Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC), a non-profit organization, has been involved for the past decade with the deployment and integration of appropriate networking technology in various projects throughout Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Oceania.
  • European Business Network for Social Cohesion
    EBNSC helps companies to share knowledge and experience. It is a business-driven membership network whose mission is to encourage and help companies to prosper in ways that stimulate job growth, increase employability and prevent social exclusion; thereby contributing to a sustainable economy and a more just society
  • World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty
    The World Development Report was released on September 12, 2000, and is the World Bank's latest look at global poverty. Major reductions in poverty are possible but achieving these will require a more comprehensive approach that directly addresses the needs of poor people in three important areas: opportunity, empowerment, and security. The new study - the World Bank's most detailed-ever investigation of global poverty - adds that economic growth is crucial but often not sufficient to create conditions in which the world's poorest people can improve their lives. "This report seeks to expand the understanding of poverty and its causes and sets out actions to create a world free of poverty in all its dimensions," World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn writes in the foreword to the report. "It both builds on our past thinking and strategy and substantially broadens and deepens what we think is necessary to meet the challenge of reducing poverty
  • Earth Time Foundation
    Earth Times is published by the not-for-profit Earth Times Foundation, covers news stories on environment, education, society, business, culture, media, nature, politics and population.
  • Bellanet
    An organisation working for fostering inter-agency collaboration through more effective use of information and communication technologies (ICTs).
  • IICD
    IICD acts as an independent broker between countries in development and the stakeholders that drive the international market of ICTs.
  • The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL)
    The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL) is an international organization whose mission is to facilitate and support the development of civil society on a global basis by assisting the creation and improvement of laws and regulatory systems that permit, encourage, and regulate the not-for-profit sector in countries around the world.


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